The Cryptolepis sanguinolenta
It is a plant of Asclepiadaceae family, Periplocoideae subfamily, Cryptolepis genus. With 20 different species, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta has as primordial region of occurrence intertropical Africa, preferably countries facing the Atlantic following by Central Africa to Angola.
Many international publications describe the variety of biological activities of the Cryptolepis sanguinolenta such as: hypoglycemic, antifungal ,antibacterial, alpha-adrenergic blocking, antimuscarinic, antitumoural and antimalarial.
Malaria is a tropical and parasitic disease which is the etiologic agent of Plasmodium sp. Compared to other parasitic illness this disease is described as being the most involved in social and economic issues in the world, affecting more than 90 countries, and over 300 to 500 million people are infected each year resulting in approximately a million deaths. In Brazil, malaria registers around 500,000 cases per year
The main treatment is based on chemical compounds of the quinine class such as: quinine, primaquine, mefloquine and chloroquinine, but in some equatorial regions where the disease is endemic there has been reports of Plasmodium spp. resistant to these chemical structures.